Portugal's temperate climate makes it an ideal country
for growing fruit trees and having your very own orchard
is something many of us dream about. Whether you
purchase a property in Portugal with a variety of mature
fruit trees or set about planting your own the end
result will be a basket and freezer full of vitamin rich
produce each year.
are a selection of fruit trees which flourish in
Portugal with handy planting tips to ensure your young
saplings don't die off. In Portugal you can purchase
just about any type of fruit tree from the many garden
centres, nurseries and local markets. The cost of fruit
trees does depend upon their maturity and size, though
saplings can be purchased for as little as 3€. Large,
more mature trees can be expensive with 10 year old
orange trees costing upwards of 100€.
information on orange and lemon trees, please see
(Malus Domestica) Maça
The apple tree is one of
the most widely cultivated fruit trees in the world and
there are a host of varieties. The apple tree is
deciduous and grows to up to 12 metres in height.
The apple tree blossoms in
spring at the same time as the leaves start to bud. The
apple blossom is white with a pink tinge. Apple trees
are best cultivated in well-drained loamy soil, but have
adapted to grow around the world in a variety of
Trees (Prunus Avium and Prunus Cerasus)
The Cherry tree has two
main varieties - sweet (Prunus Avium) and sour (Prunus
cerasus). It is a deciduous trees, growing to an
average of 15-30 metres in height. Blossoming in early
spring, the fruit is ready to be harvested usually by
late August early September. Varying sub-varieties of
cherry tree produce, deep red, bright red and white
The cherry tree prefers
well-drained light soil and a good exposure to the sun,
in a sheltered position. Cherry trees can be prone to
aphids and encouraging ladybirds to thrive in your
garden is a good way to keep this pests at bay. By
planting wild flowers at the base of your cherry tree
this will help create the environment a ladybird thrives
Fig Trees (Ficus
The Fig is a deciduous
tree found all over Portugal. The are many varieties of
fig trees, however the most common edible fig is the
Fiscus Carica. Fig trees can grow up to 50 metres tall,
but more likely to be around 10-30 metres in height.
trees like well-drained areas and sunny areas. If a fig
tree is not receiving enough water the leaves will turn
yellow and drop.
evergreen Loquat trees were introduced to Portugal from
China and can grow up to 10 metres in height. Loquat
trees are easy to grow, preferring soils of moderate
fertility from light sandy loam to heavy clay, though
good drainage is essential as the Loquat does not
tolerate standing water.
the climate is too cool or the ground too moist the tree
will be ornamental and not bear fruit. Loquats are best
grown in full sun and are wind tolerant.
tree was introduced to Portugal from China. Kiwi trees
like moderately sunny positions, but can tolerate shaded
areas with acidic soil.
trees should be planted in well-drained areas and
watered constantly, especially during the summer months.
Kiwi trees can be trained like a vine or as an
ornamental. Harvest is around late October to early
November, when the seeds of the fruit have turned black.
(Prunus Persica) Pesseugueiro
Peach tree is a deciduous tree which was brought to
Portugal from China. Peach trees can grow up to 12
metres in height and prefer sunnier climates.
trees are prone to the fungus Taphrina deformans which
causes Peach leaf curl. The fungus grows in cracks in
the tree bark, then when the leaves begin to grow it
trees are cultivated widely around the world and can
grow up to 17 metres in height. The majority of pear
trees are deciduous and prefer light, sandy soil.
trees are deep rooting and as such are not adept at
growing in containers. Best grown in orchards, or stand
alone in a good, sunny position. If growing pear trees
for fruit you will need to have at least two trees to
ensure fertilisation of the flowers.
fruit of the Persimmon tree was known by the ancient
Greeks as 'the fruit of the gods'. The fruit is also
known as the Sharon Fruit.
Persimmon trees can withstand a range of conditions, but
do best in deep, not overly salty soil, in full sun.
Exposure to some wind for air movement will also help
the development of the tree.
Persimmon can withstand drought conditions but the fruit
will be large and juicy with regular irrigation. In
extreme drought conditions the tree's leaves will drop
and the fruit is liable to sunburn.
Plum trees are part of the
genus Prunus and come in a variety of shapes and
sizes. The most popular cultivars are Damson, Greengage,
Mirabelle, Satsuma and Yellowgage.
Plum trees prefer
to be position in full sun, with well-drained soil. Plum
trees will not flourish in alkaline soils.
Plums trees can grow up to four metres in height and
require very little maintenance.
Trees (Prunus persica nucipersica)
trees, a cultivar of the peach, originate from the
orient but thrive in Portugal, preferring sheltered but
sunny positions. Nectarine trees thrive in deep, fertile
soil, kept moist during the summer months and
well-drained during the winter.
Nectarines, like peaches
are prone to Leaf Curl and the fruit can develop Brown
Trees (Punica granatum)
Pomegranate is originally from south west Asia, but is
widely grown throughout Portugal. The Pomegranate is a
small, branched tree growing to around six metres in
pomegranate is a deciduous tree and are drought tolerant
and can tolerate chillier temperatures. However for best
fruit production they should be irrigated every two
weeks. Pomegranates are best grown in fertile, well
drained soil with a good exposure to the sun.
pomegranate's name drives from the Latin pommum
(apple) granatus (seeded). In higher altitudes
the pomegranate does not bear fruit.
Harvesting of the fruit usually takes place in October
or early November, however to check, tap the fruit and
if there is a metallic sound, the fruit is ripe and
ready for picking.
trees are deciduous and produce a pear shaped fruit,
which is a little more tart in flavour than an apple.
Originally from China, Quince trees are popular in
Portugal and the fruit is mainly used to make jelly and
a marmalade like jam - marmalada.
trees are hardy and tend to grow in a bushy, twisted
fashion. A shallow rooting tree and grow best in
temperate climates with moist soil.
Trees (Arbutus unedo)
Strawberry tree is evergreen and grows naturally in
woods and thickets. Preferring dry rocky places.
Strawberry trees can grow up to 12 metres in height.
strawberry tree grows well in limy soils and is best
planted in sheltered positions and has adapted well to
dry summers. The fruit of the strawberry tree has a
rough texture and to some people is can have a bland
taste. In Portugal the fruit of the strawberry tree is
used for making jam and
Medronho, a type of strong