became Count of Portugal
in 1120 upon the the death of his father. Raised
by his mother, Teresa of Leon, though had greatly
different political views to his mother, Teresa of Leon,
whom exiled him from his own lands.
years later, aged 14 years (the adult age of the time)
Afonso Henriques knighted himself at Zamora Cathedral
and raised an army to take control of his lands.
overcame the army of his mother's lover, Count Fernando
Peres de Trava of Galicia, near Guimarães in the Battle
of São Mamede in 1128 and became the Duke of Portugal
and sole ruler after the demands of his people.
exiling his mother to a monastery in Leon,
Afonso Henriques turned his attention to the problem of the
Moors to the south of his domain. On 25 July 1139, he
finally succeed by winning the Battle of Ourique.
proclaimed the first King of
Portugal immediately after the battle by his
soldiers. Though only in 1143 when the Treaty of Zamora
was signed did Portugal receive it's independence. It
was a further 36 years before papal acknowledgement of
Portugal's existence as a Kingdom was given.