Reserve /Ecological: The term reserve in this instance
loosely translated means protected. If you are considering purchasing a
plot which is situated within a reserve area you are more than likely
unable to construct on it. If you think you will be able to persuade the
council on the merits of your project, if you are thinking of a reserve
plot, be disheartened. It is HIGHLY UNLIKELY you will gain planning
A reserve classification means natural reserve and
although you may persuade the local, elected officials you will also
have to battle with the environmental bodies and the governments'
own environmental department in charge of rural development.
Rustic Land: As the title denotes land which
is designated rustic is used for rural pursuits. Whether this is growing
vegetables, farming fruit, grazing animals or as meadow land, it is VERY
rare to be given planning approval on a parcel of rustic land. Planning
laws in Portugal are very strict and adhere to tight guidelines. As you
will appreciate with only 10 million the demand to construct new houses
is not as
Agro-Florestal: The term Agro-florestal
relates to property which is contained within or is bounding land which
has forest or woodland on it. This term is loosely applied and often
means land which has previously been classified as rustic.
New, stricter fire prevention laws, which were
introduced in the summer of 2007 have played a serious role in the
valuation of land in Portugal. The most of which still have to be acted
out. The new decree, reduces the the involvement of local government in
the decision to approve permission for construction on land within rural
Although in the UK this would be seen as a loss of
rites by the local council (Cāmara), in Portugal it means a more
centralised and uniform decision making process. Something which can
only be good for everyone in Portugal.
Commercial Land: Commercial land is
land which has been designated or is
within an industrial zone and pre-defined for more industrial use. The
land surround any plot, which is designated 'commercial' usually has a
higher percentage of through traffic, a better infrastructure to deal
with larger, industrial vehicles such as articulated lorries. Commercial
land is often located within an industrial zone, an area of town with
good access links or in a village with the same criteria.
Commercial land can be
a lot more expensive than any other type of land to purchase, due to the
expenses a local council and/or local government has had to invest to
enable it to be called commercial. There are extra stresses on local
amenities (rubbish collections, road usage, traffic management systems,
water and power supply.
Urban Land: If a plot is
designated as urban, then you will, most of the time be
allowed to construct a property. Most urban plots are
located within the boundaries for a village or a town.
However, just to make the rules
regarding land urban land sales a little bit more complex in Portugal
the government designated a three tier programme which relates to a
It is this three tier system which
makes it difficult for the lay person to clarify an urban plot. Even
professional constructors and architects sometimes have difficulty identifying what can
and cannot not be constructed and consult directly with the council.
(This urban classification is not be to be
confused with the urban classification of a building situated on a plot
which may or may not be rustic, ago-Florestal, reserve or commercial).
One of the most important aspects of purchasing land
in Portugal for you, as a buyer, is to have all documentation handed
over to your lawyer (solicitor) prior to a promissory contract being
signed to ensure the land is viable for the use you intend to purchase